Levels 3-6 | Chinese on the Goldfields
Students explore aspects of 19th century Chinese experiences and discuss the discrimination faced by the Chinese diggers who came to Victoria.
Student reading: Ciddor, Anna (1995), The Goldfields Through Children’s Eyes, MacMillan, Melbourne.
Student Activity: Chinese Miners on the Victorian Goldfields - Using Maths in History
Bibliography: Asian Studies Topics of China.
Research notes from Sovereign Hill’s website: The Chinese, The Chinese in Ballarat.
Sovereign Hill Education blog posts: The Walk from Robe, Racism and taxes: Life for Chinese on the Goldfields, What was the Anti-Chinese League?
Audio: Chinese for Creswick, They are a Great Nuisance, Inferior Races
Victorian curriculum connections
Community and First contacts
Levels 3-4: Students explore the history and diversity of their community. Students examine the impact of exploration on other societies, how these societies interacted with newcomers, and how these experiences contributed to their cultural diversity.
Relevant key questions:
- What is the nature of the contribution made by different groups and individuals in the community?
- Why did the Europeans settle in Australia?
- The role that people of diverse backgrounds have played in the development and character of the local community and/or other societies
From Colony to Nation
Levels 5-6: Students study colonial Australia in the 1800s and the development of Australia as a nation, particularly after 1900. Students look at the founding of British colonies and the development of a colony. They learn about what life was like for different groups of people in the colonial period. Students learn about the way of life of people who migrated to Australia and their contributions to Australia’s economic and social development.
Relevant key questions:
- What do we know about the lives of people in Australia’s colonial past and how do we know?
- Who were the people who came to Australia? Why did they come?
- What contribution have significant individuals and groups made to the development of Australian society?
- The causes and the reasons why people migrated to Australia from Europe and Asia, and the perspectives, experiences and contributions of a particular migrant group within a colony.
Civics and Citizenship
Levels 3-4: Students also explore how individuals participate in their community, cultural diversity and how belonging to different groups can shape personal identity.
Levels 5-6: Students expand on their knowledge of the law by studying how laws affect the lives of citizens. Students investigate the role of groups in our community and examine the rights and responsibilities of Australian citizens.
Levels 3-4: The curriculum continues to develop students’ mental map of the world and their understanding of place.
Levels 5-6: The curriculum focuses on the concepts of place and interconnection. Students’ mental maps of the world are further developed through learning the locations of the major countries in the Asia region, Europe and North America. The scale of study goes global as students investigate the geographical diversity and variety of connections between people and places
Levels 3-4: The curriculum focuses on developing the knowledge, skills and understandings to evaluate particular acts, and to identify and critically respond to ethical problems. Students extend their vocabulary and begin to reflect on means and ends. Students develop an understanding that particular acts and their outcomes can be valued differently by different people, and extend their understanding of factors that may effect decision-making and actions.
Levels 5-6: The curriculum focuses on developing the knowledge, skills and understandings to evaluate the significance of ethical matters. Students explore the basis of a range of ethical principles and reflect on means and ends. Students consider decision-making approaches based on thinking about the consequences and duties. Students develop an understanding that a range of factors play a role in ethical decision-making.
Levels 3-4: The curriculum provides the opportunity for students to compare different cultures.
Levels 5-6: The curriculum provides the opportunity for students to explore aspects of their life that are culturally determined. Students further develop their awareness of cultural diversity and reflect on intercultural experiences…
Personal and Social Capability
Levels 3-4: The curriculum focuses on developing students’ understandings of positive relationships and connections. …They learn about the importance of valuing difference in individuals and groups and how appreciating diversity contributes to positive relationships.
Levels 5-6: Students consider the characteristics of respectful relationships and the behaviours that demonstrate sensitivity to diversity.
Cross curriculum priorities
Learning about Asia and Australia’s engagement with Asia
History Levels 5-6: The causes and the reasons why people migrated to Australia from Europe and Asia, and the perspectives, experiences and contributions of a particular migrant group within a colony. The stories and perspectives of people who migrated to Australia, including from one Asian country, and the reasons they migrated.